Code of Conduct

Introduction

Note: This text is translated from Dutch. Further editing is required.

The toxicology focuses on studying the harmful effects of chemicals on living organisms, with the aim to assess the risks of exposure to these substances for humans, animals and the environment and to advise on measures to minimize adverse effects. The Toxicology is an interdisciplinary between the medical, biological and chemical fields of science.

 The task of toxicologists includes acquiring and transferring scientific knowledge and technical understanding of the toxicology and apply them.

The aim of the members of the Dutch Society of Toxicology to act morally right and socially responsible in their profession, making a positive impact of their work on society is exercised is reflected in Article 3 of the Statute of the Dutch Association for toxicology.

Article 3 of the Statute:

"To promote understanding of the various aspects of toxicology aimed at protecting people and the environment"

This objective can be achieved by:

improving communication between toxicologists and promote exchange of information among researchers;
maintaining contacts with international organizations on toxicological;
the promotion of toxicological research in general and in particular the developing and supporting initiatives that can have a stimulating effect in the areas of toxicology where there is an urgent need for knowledge and understanding;
promoting education in toxicology;
encouraging given to newly acquired fame insights.
An elaboration of this objective led to the information presented behavior guidelines. These are advisory in nature and are intended toxicologists more aware of the consequences of their profession for society and the environment, even if their responsibility is only indirectly or partially. Further, they are meant to stimulate toxicologists to good neighborliness, openness to society and willingness to explain their appeal.
Although toxicologists no homogenous profession, these guidelines are intended for all members of the Dutch Society of Toxicology, both direct stakeholders such as researchers, teachers, production and technologists, as well as those who are further from the toxicological practice as policy makers and managers .

Many aspects of the responsibility of the toxicologist, as the responsible use of animals, relations with customers, employers and employees, and compliance with safety and environmental standards are already enshrined in legislation, codes, standards, laws and employment contracts. These issues are not discussed in the guidelines below. Toxicologists may be expected to abide by the law and applicable regulations.


Guidelines for social behavior

1. Responsibility for an honorable profession

Socially responsible behavior toxicologist begins with an honest profession. Therefore, he / she in his / her related to the toxicology, always strive to act:

1.1 perform only work for which he / she is qualified by training and experience, if necessary supported by specialists;

01.02 always respect the experiences of others as their intellectual property and to recognize the essential contributions of colleagues and employees;

1.3 provide objective information in research proposals and communications as well as truthful presentation of results in reports and publications, including in relation to inventions;

1,4 themselves to work for the prevention and combating of all cases of dishonesty and fraud in the profession.

1.5 toxicologist should research to apply scientific standards and values ​​without compromising example, politics, religion, nationality, gender, race or commercial interests.

2. Responsibility for the present and future well-being of humans, animals and the environment

The groundbreaking nature of the research in chemistry and toxicology, the needs of future generations and the possibility of harmful effects of chemicals require the toxicologist that he / she:

2.1 is a contribution to the drafting of guidelines and propose measures relating to safe and sustainable production, use, transportation and proper disposal after use of chemical products;

2.2 feels partly responsible for the ultimate consequences of his / her advice, as far as these can be foreseen with regard to society and the environment.

2.3 feels responsible for the responsible use of animals in which the toxicologist is committed to avoiding unnecessary use and aims to apply methods to reduce, replace and refine the use of laboratory animals.

3. Responsibility for good communication with society

In addition to liaising with domestic and foreign counterparts in the professional field, the toxicologist has also to contribute to good communication with society. This is important for maintaining a good rapport and minimize mutual prejudices. Teachers are in a unique position to shape this in their dealings with students. Also in other functions toxicologists, if it lies in their ability and the opportunity arises, to contribute by:

3.1 should provide imaging information on the appeal of the toxicologist in laboratories and factories to interested parties such as local residents, schools and interest groups through lectures, interviews, open house, tours and interviews;

2.3 timely and fair to provide information about the potential impact on society in the development of new products and the assessment of risks to man and the environment of existing substances;

3.3, with a sense of the social consequences of just one opinion from a toxicological point of the rule on the basis of professional knowledge, zowelbij performance for the publicity media and individuals;

3.4, to pay attention to opinions that concern the public life and toxicology.

4. Responsible handling of a moral dilemma

Although moral dilemmas can be of different nature, they have in common that within the workplace a tension exists between the implementation of an assignment or a task, and also the official and accepted rules, codes and laws, or professional integrity, social insight or personal conscience of the toxicologist. To achieve a good balance, it is recommended that the toxicologist:

1.4 applies the precautionary principle. This means that he / she is, to the best knowledge and ability ascertained that the possible risks and adverse effects of a substance when used socially justified by the purpose and expected benefits;

4.2 When a persistent dilemma enters into a conversation with interested colleagues or superiors in the (line) organization, with interests of the parties are respected as much as possible. He can carry on a conversation with the counselor or authority contained in the organization;

4.3 if desired to contact the board of the NA for advice or mediation.


Biosecurity Code of Conduct Academy

As one of the first countries in the world, the Netherlands has a Code of Conduct for Biosecurity. This voluntary code of conduct for researchers aims to raise awareness of the potential risks of abuse of life science research. The code was drawn up by the Working Group on Biosecurity, which for this purpose was established by the Academy and is intended for knowledge and research in the life sciences. You can find the code at the Academy's website: http://www.knaw.nl/publicaties/pdf/20071069.pdf.

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